What You Should Know About Gum Disease

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Gum disease affects as many as seventy-five percent of American adults, according to the American Academy of Periodontology. This includes many mild cases of gingivitis, which are easy to miss, as well as more severe cases of periodontitis, which is linked to serious systemic health problems. Unfortunately, periodontal disease is a chronic, progressive infection that can destroy gum and bone tissue and lead to long-term dental problems. Dr. Rassouli encourages patients to learn the facts about this common disease so that they can keep their smiles happy, healthy, and whole.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Red, swollen gums that bleed easily are one of the most obvious signs of periodontal disease. If your gums bleed when you floss, brush, or when you eat certain foods, it is time to schedule a checkup, as this is a sign of inflammation. Treatment at this stage can often stop and even reverse the infection. Once it progresses to the point that tooth roots are exposed, teeth are shifting and you have chronic and severe bad breath, permanent damage may have already occurred.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Poor dental hygiene is one of the primary causes of periodontal disease. Plaque is full of irritating oral bacteria, and it must be removed daily with good brushing and flossing to prevent the bacteria from infecting the gums. However, other factors can affect your risk, including genetics, poor diet, stress, and tobacco use. Understanding your risk factors can help you make better choices and protect your smile.

Treatments are available. Call our office today to learn more about periodontal disease or to schedule your appointment with Dr. Rassouli.